Location: Raja Ampat and Nusa Tenggara Barat, Indonesia
Collaborators: World Wildlife Fund, Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Bogor Agricultural University
Goal: Use an ecosystem approach to combine theoretical and empirical modeling with field-based experiments to multi-species coral reef fisheries that lead to local assessment and management frameworks.
Significance: These results will inform management decisions intended to move towards ecosystem approaches that consider multiple system components and social-ecological trade-offs.
Background: Although no-take marine protected areas (MPAs) have been widely adopted as a leading ecosystem-based fisheries management tool for coral reefs, there can be negative impacts on cultural traditions, social cohesion, and surrounding fisheries. This often makes MPAs socially unacceptable. Other management strategies such as gear-based rights-based restrictions are effective compliments to MPAs that may be tailored to the local social-ecological context. To properly manage a multi-gear and multi-species coral reef fishery, however, there must be an understanding of the ecological impacts of different harvesting management strategies and what they mean for reef fish populations and people.