Location: Pulau Bontosua, Indonesia
Collaborators: Hasanuddin University (Indonesia), University of California at Davis
Goal: Determine the impact of coral reef restoration on adjacent small-scale fisheries and social processes.
Significance: Research outputs from this work will contribute to the growing interest in the feasibility of coral reef restoration for improving livelihoods and food security in small island communities.
Background: Destructive fishing practices have severely damaged coral reef systems throughout Indonesia. Not only do these methods kill fish and other organisms, but the blasts also destroy coral skeletons and prevent new coral recruits from building a reef. The consequences for coral reef fisheries are dramatic, leading to changes in relationships within communities that are dependent on reefs for food security and livelihood. Coral restoration may provide one way to rehabilitate the reef system and positively influence fisheries, but there is doubt as to the social and ecological scalability of such approaches.
Funding: Mars Symbioscience, United States Agency for International Development (USAID)